Who is a disabled person?A disabled person is the one whose physical, psychological or mental state hampers, limits or prevents performance of social roles permanently or temporarily, including but not limited to the abilities to do a job, if s/he obtained a relevant certificate.
How can you obtain a disability degree?A disability degree certificate is granted by competent evaluation boards on the request of the interested person. They include poviat and voivodeship disability evaluation boards (the latter is a second-instance institution for appeals)
There are three disability degrees:
- Significant disability degree corresponding to the first disability class,
- Moderate disability degree corresponding to the second disability class,
- Light disability degree corresponding to the third disability class.
What assistance can be expected by a disabled person registered in the Labour Office?A disabled person can be registered in the Poviat Labour Office as:
- An unemployed person — this is a person who has a disability certificate but is not eligible to receive e.g. a disability pension, social pension or a permanent benefit.
- A jobseeker — this person has a disability certificate and is eligible to receive e.g. a disability pension, social pension or a permanent benefit.
Moreover, a disabled person registered in the Poviat Labour Office as a jobseeker who is not employed can also use the following services or instruments, in line with the rules stipulated for the unemployed, as specified in the Act on the promotion of:
- intervention works;
- vocational training of adults;
- medical or psychological examination mentioned in Article 2 section 3 of the Act on promotion;
- reimbursement of costs mentioned in Article 45 section 1, 2 and 4 of the Act on promotion;
- funding of costs mentioned in Article 45 section 3 of the Act on promotion;
- post-graduate courses;
- training under tripartite training agreements executed by and between the starost, employer and training institution;
- occupancy voucher;
- training voucher;
- traineeship voucher.
The instruments are addressed directly to the disabled people and to their employers.
|Rights of an employer employing a person holding a disability degree || |
|Rights of a person holding a disability degree who is capable of work, holding an unemployed or jobseeker status|| |
|Disabled people commencing and running their economic or agricultural activity || |
The type of support granted will be conditional on the help profiled during a meeting
with the customer advisor in a Poviat Labour Office.
What privileges are held by a disabled person?The basic legal act governing the rights and obligations of employers employing disabled people and also the rights of a disabled employee is the Act of 27 August 1997 on the Vocational and Social Rehabilitation and Employment of Persons with Disabilities (Journal of Laws of 2018, item 511 as amended).
Light disability degree
Moderate and significant disability degree
The above working time limitations of all disabled persons do not apply:
- for people employed for monitoring and
- if a physician carrying out preventive examination of employees or, if there is no such a physician, a physician taking care of such a person agrees to it on request of the employed person.
How can a disabled person use help looking for a job?People holding disability degrees may look for a job both on the open labour market and in supported employment enterprises, depending on the recommendations included in the disability degree certificate. Classification of a person for a significant or moderate disability degree does not exclude the possibility of employing such a person by an employer who does not hold a supported employment enterprise status
in the case of:
- adapting the workplace to the needs of the disabled person by the employer,
- employment to do telework.
The Labour Offices can receive both offers from the open labour market
and the supported employment enterprises. To obtain information on job offers, a disabled person can come to the Labour Office directly or contact it over the phone. All job offers for people registered in the Labour Office are available also on the website.
Other job offers for people holding a disability degree can be found e.g. at:
Detailed information on the privileges of disabled employees and benefits of employing disabled persons can be found on: